What is Curcumin?


Various names of turmeric in different languages

LanguageName
  
ArabicKurkum, Uqdah safra
ArmenianToormerik, Turmerig
AssameseHalodhi
Azerbaijani (or Azeri)Sari kök
BengaliHalud
BulgarianKurkuma
BurmeseHsanwen,Sanwin, Sanae, Nanwin
CatalanCúrcuma
ChineseYu chin, Yu jin,Wohng geung, Geung wohng, Wat gam, Huang jiang, Jiang huang, Yu jin, Yu jin xiang gen
CroatianIndijski šafran, Kurkuma
CzechKurkuma, Indický Šafrán, Žlutý koren, Žlutý zázvor
DhivehiReen'dhoo
DanishGurkemeje
DutchGeelwortel, Kurkuma Tarmeriek, Koenjit, Koenir
EnglishIndian saffron
EsperantoKurkumo
EstonianHarilik kurkuma, Kurkum, Pikk kollajuur, Lőhnav kollajuur, Harilik, kurkuma, Kurkum,
Pikkkollajuur, Lőhnav kollajuur
FarsiZardchubeh
FinnishKurkuma, Keltajuuri
FrenchCurcuma, Safran des Indes,Terre-mérite, Souchet des Indes
GalicianCúrcuma
GermanCurcuma, Kurkuma, Indischer Safran, Gelbwurz
GreekKitrinoriza,Kourkoumi, Kourkoumas
GujaratiHalad, Haldar
HebrewKurkum
HindiHaldi
HungarianKurkuma, Sárga gyömbérgyökér
IcelandicTúrmerik
IndonesianKunyit, Kunir; Daun kunyit
ItalianCurcuma
JapaneseUkon,Tamerikku
KannadaArishina,Arisina
KhmerRomiet, Lomiet, Lamiet
KoreanKang-hwang, Keolkuma Kolkuma, Sim- hwang,Teomerik, Tomerik, Tumerik, Ulgum, Ulgumun
LaotianKhi min khun, Khmin khün
LatvianKurkuma
LithuanianCiberžole, Kurkuma, Dažine ciberžole
MalayKunyit basah
MalayalamManjal
MarathiHalad
NepaliHaldi, Hardi, Besar
NorwegianGurkemeie
PahlaviZard-choobag
PashtoZarchoba
PolishKurkuma, Ostryz dlugi, Szafran indyjski
PortugueseAçafrăo da Índia, Curcuma
PunjabiHaldi
RomanianCurcuma
RussianKoren, kurkumy, Kurkuma
SanskritAmeshta, bahula, bhadra, dhirgharaja, gandaplashika, gauri, gharshani, haldi, haridra, harita, hemaragi, hemaragini, hrivilasini, jayanti, jwarantika, kanchani, kaveri, krimighana, kshamada, kshapa, lakshmi, mangalaprada, mangalya, mehagni, nisha, nishakhya, nishawa, pavitra, pinga, pinja, pita, patavaluka, pitika, rabhangavasa, ranjani, ratrimanika, shifa, shiva, shobhana, shyama, soughagouhaya, suvarna, suvarnavarna, tamasini, umavara, vauragi, varavarnini, varnadatri, varnini, vishagni, yamini, yohitapriya, yuvati
SinghaleseKaha
SlovakKurkuma
SlovenianKurkuma
SpanishCúrcuma, Azafrán arabe
SwahiliManjano
SwedishGurkmeja
TagalogDilaw
TamilManjal
TeluguHaridra, Pasupu
ThaiKha min chan, Kha min; Wanchakmadluk
TibetanGaser, Sga ser
TurkishHint safrani, Sari boya, Zerdeçal, Safran kökü, Zerdali, Zerdeçöp, Zerdecube
UkrainianKurkuma
UrduHaldi, Zard chub
VietnameseBot nghe, Cu nghe, Nghe, Uat kim, Khuong hoang
YiddishKurkume





Curcuma flowers for your garden!






Sources of Curcumin







Curcumin: getting back to the roots

Shishodia S, Sethi G, Aggarwal BB.
Annals New York Academy Sciences.
2005 Nov;1056:206-17






Structure of Curcumin


Diferuloylmethane








Amount of curcumin in turmeric and its color in acidic and alkaline condition







Biological activities of curcumin and its analogues (Congeners) made by man and Mother Nature

Anand P, Thomas SG, Kunnumakkara AB, Sundaram C, Harikumar KB, Sung B, Tharakan ST, Misra K, Priyadarsini IK, Rajasekharan KN, Aggarwal BB.
Biochem Pharmacol.
2008 Dec 1;76(11):1590-611






Relatives of Curcumin









Curcumin: the Indian solid gold

Aggarwal BB, Sundaram C, Malani N, Ichikawa H.
Advances in Experimental Medicine & Biology
2007;595:1-75.






Traditional Uses of Curcumin







Potential Uses of Curcumin Based on Modern Technology